Editorial requirements

Editorial requirements

  1. The editorial team accepts manuscripts via the email box eunomia@pwszrac.pl
  2. The author / authors are asked to attach a registration card to the sent manuscript, which will start the article evaluation procedure.


Attachment. Application form


  1. The content of the article in the case of original work should be written in polish or english and divided into parts as follows:
  • Summary (abstract) in polish and english,
  • Introduction – the introduction must present the research topic, context, structure and argument.
  • Content – the research should contain the methods, review of current literature, empirical material, research results, discussion, findings and conclusion.
  • Conclusion: the conclusion should provide a summary of the research results and brings out the significance/importance of the findings in terms of the principal research question.
  • Bibliography should be written in latin characters in alphabetical order. it should follow the harvard system or where history papers are concerned the oxford system.
  1. The author must provide an original, complete and final version of the article. it must not have been previously published in part or in whole and it must meet the following requirements of preparation for text, graphics and illustrative material:
  • The word length of the article: this should not exceed 10 pages (about 20,000 characters) including figures, footnotes, bibliography, abstract, and keywords. the text file must be in doc format (word 97 or higher + special fonts, introduced by the author + automatic hyphenation).
  • computer printouts must be one sided with continuous pagination, identical with an electronic record, in which footnotes will have continuous numbering within each article.
  • illustrative material may consist of drawings, images as well as tables with descriptive statements.
  1. Computer printouts should contain a clear divisions with chapter headings and sub-headings. all imported intext material such as drawings, tables, photos, footnotes, etc. should be marked in the text and agreement must be negotiated with the editor of the publication before its preparation.
  2. The graphic material (tables, charts, photos, etc.) will be provided by the author in the following form:
  • scanned material, in an electronic record (with a resolution of not less than 300 dpi for objects in 1: 1 scale) along with numbered prints;
  • numbered photos (slides) and other illustrations, with high enough quality to allowing further processing (eg scanning) can also be used;
  • list of illustrations – black and white with the names of authors and sources;
  • numbered signatures for illustrations.
  1. The obligation to standardize the format of bibliographic records (footnotes and literature) in the entire volume rests with the authors.
  2. Submitted material – drawings, photographs, tables, textual experts – that draws on published/non published work, personal interviews/conversations is included in an article (in other words where it is someone else’s work) the author is obliged to clearly indicate the source not only in the reference list/bibliography, but also in captions under a drawing, table, photograph, reproduction, etc. or footnote, the author must cite the publisher with the permission of the author / publisher of the borrowed material. obtaining a license to use such material is the responsibility of the author. lack of author’s consent and failure to source the borrowing is a violation of copyright and will have legal consequences. if there is any uncertainty with respect tot he use of material, the provisions of copyright law should be referred to as they apply to both extracts from polish and foreign works (act of 4 february 1994 on copyright – journal of laws no. 24, item 83, article 34).
  3. The author is responsible for all substantive data contained in the submitted material. the editorial office will not verify dates, proper names, quotes, citations, bibliographic data, etc.
  4. The editorial staff will not make any corrections to the materials provided by the author in graphic mode, but reserves the right to technically assess the quality of the illustrations in terms of their use in print and final form.


Detailed rules for the preparation of files, text for graphic objects and photographs



  1. The editorial board accepts file references from electronic data carriers which upon completion of the composition can be sent to the author. electronic data carriers should be accurately described, i.e.provide the name and surname of the author and the title of the work. in the case of collective works also provide the title of the publication and the name and surname of the scientific editor of the publication.The electronic data carrier should contain the current version of the work. in the case of date obtained form web sites, the date of access must be included.
  1. The file names should be legible and contain the first words of the work title and include the name of the author.The names of drawing and table files should contain the appropriate number, e.g. table 1, figure 1, kowalski-rys1, kowalski-tab1, etc.
  1. We accept only text files saved in ms word and graphic object files (vector graphics) made in a licensed graphic program or pdf files.




  1. Before writing the text, 2.5-cm bottom, top, left and right margins should be set for the A4 page.
  2. Activate the page numbering function.
  3. The main text should have the following parameters: font 12 pt. Times New Roman, 1.5 spaces between lines, paragraph indents at 1.25 cm, text aligned to the left and right margins.
  4. Footnotes and tables should be entered in font 10 pt. Times New Roman. The space between the lines should not be less than 1.5.
  5. For tables do not use bold font in the headings and do not even out with spaces and tabs for numerical data. For numerical data use a comma for separating decimal values.
  6. Only the following types of distinctions in the text are admissible: italics – for titles of publications, foreign languages, expressions and special words and expressions. For example use bold for titles, dates, text requiring distinction and highlight text for terms and expressions requiring distinction (in this way we mark the text when it is to be spaced).
  7. Each paragraph should be ended by pressing „Enter” on the keyboard.
  8. The effect of the paragraph indentation should be achieved by programming a special indent in the paragraph formatting options or by pressing the tab. It is unacceptable to use several spaces for this purpose.
  9. Aligning the text to the right and left margins with spaces is not allowed.
  10. Dividing words by hand is not allowed nor are leaving single letters at the end of the line, nor ending lines by pressing Shift and Enter at the same time.
  11. Round and square brackets should be selected from the keyboard. It is unacceptable to use the „/” sign for this purpose. The opening parentheses must be set to the first and last closing word of the text in brackets.
  12. Use double quotes only. Opening quotes („) are set to the first and closing („) last word of the text written in quotes. It is unacceptable to use double commas and apostrophes for this purpose.
  13. Do not differentiate between range pauses, hyphens and dashes. To mark these characters, select the „-” sign from the keyboard. The dash should be separated on both sides by spaces. Do not use spaces in compound words (eg, black and white, political and social, etc.). Also do not use spaces in the case of a range pause (eg 1999-2000, pp. 5-9, etc.).
  14. Commas, dots, exclamation marks, question marks, semicolons, colons must be connected to the preceding word.
  15. Footnotes may be a) cross-reference or b) parentheses:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          a) cross-reference system must have separate numbering for chapters and always start from 1. Footnotes and bibliographies must be consistent and made according to one formula:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                – a distinction of titles (eg italics),- a distinction between magazines and compact prints,- consistent record of names with the initial or full name,- consistent supplementation of publication names or their non-inclusion,- consistent supplementation of the names of the translators or their non-inclusion,- the use of one system of abbreviations: Polish (same, same, same, quoted, quoted or quoted) or Latin (idem, ead, ibidem, cit., Loc. Cit.).b) brackets, in which the cited literature is limited to giving the author’s name, publication year and page number, eg: (Sowiński 1970, p. 120). The parentheses require the inclusion of a complete literature citation in the Reference list for the work.
  16. The footnote digits for footnotes should be set to the preceding word. The dot, comma and colon are always given after the reference (the exception is a reference after the abbreviation, eg XX w.5, 1998 r.7, 1287 tys.1).
  17.  Where it is necessary to use characters that are not on the keyboard, the „insert symbol” option can be used or a macro command can be programmed. A list of all characters entered in this way should be attached to the printout.
  18.  Drawings and tables should be included in the text. The number and signature of the drawing and the source should be entered in words under the drawing (not in graphical mode, but as a separate paragraph). The number and title of the table should be placed above the table. Explanatory information should be placed under the table followed by the source. This text should be presented in separate paragraphs (outside the table area).


Attachment. Article template – click to download. 


Graphics objects:


  1. We accept files of drawings, diagrams and diagrams in the form of vector graphics made or processed in a licensed graphics program.
  2. Graphics objects can be incorporated into text, but should be included on electronic data carriers as separate files * .cdr.
  3. The size of the graphics object should not exceed 125 × 189 mm.
  4. All drawings in a given publication should have descriptions made in the same font (7 pt. Arial CE). Text in graphics objects cannot consist of separated individual letters and cannot be rendered using the so-called curves.
  5. The line in a graphics object cannot be thinner than 0.15 mm.
  6. Auxiliary lines in diagrams and other objects can be hatched or dotted. However, this effect should be achieved by giving appropriate continuous line options.